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Ensuring business continuity

01 Aug 11

The concept of business continuity is based on the identification of all business functions within an organisation, and the assignment of a level of importance to each business function. Business continuity planning ensures that all personnel in an organisation understand which business functions are the most important to the business. These activities may include many daily chores such as project management, system backups, change control and help desk.
However, business continuity is not something implemented at the time of a disaster; it requires planning and should include all activities that need to be performed daily to maintain service, consistency, and recoverability.
Today more than ever, government agencies and enterprise businesses of all sizes are dependent on a variety of applications and resources to access, store and process critical information for their business functions.
Despite its importance, business continuity planning has not often been deemed a high priority. Instead, an alarmingly large number of companies have been "assuming” that their existing systems will be adequate for emergency situations. This lack of preparedness is unwise for all, and it is definitely not an option for government departments and agencies.
A key component for helping government agencies plan for potential emergencies is taking continuity planning seriously and adopting a proactive approach. Planning for a range of scenarios ahead of time with clear processes and responsibilities is essential to ensuring that the needs of citizens will be met. Once disaster strikes, an organisation’s ability to respond quickly and effectively may be critical in protecting its staff, citizens, and reputation.
Planning for a disruption to business services from typical network outages and server crashes is a full-time job by itself. When preparing contingency plans for a major disaster or emergency, the planning effort is magnified tenfold, and network managers are presented with these unique challenges:
Maintaining productivity by enabling access to applications and information from anywhere at any time and on any device. Security threats from today’s global Internet community are constantly challenging companies and organisations. Added to these challenges are environmental threats of pandemic or catastrophic events that can bring a business to a halt.
Business continuity relies on a company having the ability to maintain its productivity, services, and partnerships in the event of a disaster or pandemic. This makes a compelling case for the wider adoption of remote access, as employees are quarantined or required to work from home for an extended period of time.
Sustaining partnerships with real-time access to applications and services while knowing that your resources are secured and protected. VPNs effectively address the requirements for cost-effective, fixed, site-to-site network connectivity; however, they were, in many ways, still too expensive for mobile users, while for business partners or customers, they were extremely difficult to deploy. It is in this environment that SSL VPNs were introduced, providing remote/mobile users, business partners, and customers an easy, secure way of accessing corporate resources through the Internet without the need to pre-install a client. See also separate box.
Continuing to deliver exceptional service to customers and partners with online collaboration. If a pandemic disaster forces social distance between people, multiple means of conferencing will be required to help facilitate collaboration. Employees and partners will be looking for real-time applications that will help them function as if they were sitting in their offices. In addition, help desk staff and customer service representatives will need to provide remote assistance to users and customers by remotely controlling their PCs without requiring the user to install any software.
Balancing risk and scalability with cost and ease of deployment. Network managers of government agencies and departments are constantly balancing between ease of deployment and high levels of security with their remote access solutions. These network managers are also faced with the challenge of preparing for possible disasters or epidemics, and the attendant remote users, with a cost-effective and scalable solution.
Issues with remote access
Remote access is a critical component of any business continuity plan. Remote or isolated emergency workers will need to continue their critical roles during times of emergency, and have secure and reliable access to an organisation’s key information databases and application servers.
Although the benefits and importance of remote access are clear, government departments and agencies have experienced problems with providing remote access solutions that, until now, have typically been based on IPsec technology.
IPsec solutions have resulted in end user frustration from only being able to access resources from a device with client software, and from the high deployment and support costs associated with maintaining that software. The security concern has proven particularly vexing given the increasing sophistication and frequency of cyber attacks against information systems.
These issues have contributed to a status quo regarding remote access in the government that is now beginning to change in earnest. Many of the government agencies that have already implemented client-based IPsec VPN technology for teleworkers are experiencing a multitude of problems with their current solution:


  • Inflexible Access – client-based IPsec


VPN cannot reliably extend access to a variety of remote workers such as teleworkers, mobile employees, contractors and vendors/partners.

  • Incomplete Security – client-based IPsec VPN cannot provide a widespread and secure environment to a variety of endpoint devices, both managed (i.e. corporate smartphone) and unmanaged (i.e. home PC).

  • High Cost – client-based IPsec VPNs cannot provide this connectivity with cost-effective installation, setup, maintenance, and support costs.


As organisations and individuals make increasing use of smartphones and tablets, modern SSL VPN solutions also allow these to be securely used for remote access.  This flexibility also increases the range of options available for connectivity in the event of it being required for business continuity.
Remote field offices
Part of the remote access problem across government agencies in general is the fact that many users and network managers are struggling to decide which technology should be deployed where.
Where do IPsec VPNs and the newer SSL VPNs fit into network policies, and which problems can each technology best address? This question can be answered by looking at the usage scenarios themselves. The fact is that IPsec and SSL are not mutually exclusive technologies. They can – and in fact, often are – deployed in the same enterprise. The illustration on this page shows how.
Remote field offices are particularly susceptible to natural disasters and acts of terrorism. These sites typically have terrestrial fibre or copper WAN access connectivity. When redundant WAN access is provided to the remote field, this backup access is typically provided over terrestrial copper or fibre access as well.
Frequently, the primary and backup WAN cabling travel a common path and enter the building at the same point of entry. This configuration makes both the primary and backup access susceptible to a common threat.
In examples of natural and man-made disasters, wireless communications have proven to be more resilient and heavily
relied upon. Given that wireless communications do not follow a common path into remote field offices the way terrestrial WANs do, wireless can offer a very viable option to traditional WAN backup connectivity.

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