Story image

Hybrid intelligence: How to scale customer communications with bots

22 Nov 17

Customer communication is often handled by human agents who manually generate, route, and respond to messages.

However, messaging is becoming more automated as businesses can replicate the agent workflow and get insights on customers by sending messages with bots. 

Gartner predicts that by 2020, customers will manage 85% of their interactions with companies through automated intelligence.

What Exactly Is a Bot?

For mobile messaging, bots are software that lets a customer interact with a business through messaging. While some bots will operate on their own, many others will support and augment a human agent that’s representing the business.

Microsoft Skype, Facebook Messenger, and Slack are just a few examples of messaging products that use bots based on machine learning for smarter interactions.

These bots fall into the following categories:

  • Chat bots can carry on a two-way conversation with a human.
  • Personal assistant bots can answer questions and respond to commands, but they typically don’t carry on a two-way conversation, at least as their primary function.You know them as Siri, Google Now, and Cortana.
  • Notification bots are made of logic that lives in your chat room. They pop up now and again to update you with relevant information, but you don’t necessarily chat with them.
  • Command line bots use simple text commands to access services like checking the weather, ordering a car directly from Slack, or controlling an IoT device.

Why Bots Matter: An Example

An example of the transition from human agents to bots is the Twilio TaskRouter API, which is an intelligent routing system. TaskRouter dynamically assigns messages to the human agents that can best handle them.

Messages and other types of data can be routed based on the “skills” required and the priority set.

After collecting and analysing messages using things like natural language understanding (NLU) and intent extraction, the next logical step is to automate responses with bots.

Why Bots Are Getting More Powerful

There are three factors influencing this fast-moving space:

  • Advances in artificial intelligence (AI): A wealth of compute resources and large data samples have pushed AI further and faster than we ever expected.
  • Adoption of APIs and microservices: Development trends have moved away from monolithic applications. Now bots can understand a calendar, look up current inventory, or make updates in real-time.
  • Adoption of messaging by businesses: Business-to-consumer communication has created new business cases for bots, which is driving even greater investment.

While some are trying to build a true artificially intelligent bot, a hybrid-based approach is most practical in many scenarios.

With the hybrid approach, a human-assisted bot is a first-to-respond entity, and it falls back on a human agent if it doesn’t know how to respond effectively. Facebook M and Clara are examples of this type of bot. It is arguably all that many businesses need.

The goal of the human-assisted bot is to fulfill requests using machine learning as often as possible. Bots can learn from human decisions, so they get better with algorithmic and data-driven decisions day-by-day, eventually reducing the need for humans to step in.

Hybrid intelligence is a “best of both worlds” approach and makes for an excellent way to deliver human-style communication at scale.

Final Thoughts

Bots enable your business to respond to customer messages promptly, and to increase the number of customers you can communicate with at once. It’s a scalable way to tackle the previously unscalable problem of customer support.

Next up, we’ll dive into the infrastructure options you have for mobile messaging. We’ll also introduce you to a cloud-based building block approach that is the perfect balance between cost and customisation.

Article by Angie Bell, Managing Director APAC at Twilio

MulteFire announces industrial IoT network specification
The specification aims to deliver robust wireless network capabilities for Industrial IoT and enterprises.
Google Cloud, Palo Alto Networks extend partnership
Google Cloud and Palo Alto Networks have extended their partnership to include more security features and customer support for all major public clouds.
DigiCert conquers Google's distrust of Symantec certs
“This could have been an extremely disruptive event to online commerce," comments DigiCert CEO John Merrill. 
Schneider Electric's bets for the 2019 data centre industry
From IT and telco merging to the renaissance of liquid cooling, here are the company's top predictions for the year ahead.
China to usurp Europe in becoming AI research world leader
A new study has found China is outpacing Europe and the US in terms of AI research output and growth.
Google says ‘circular economy’ needed for data centres
Google's Sustainability Officer believes major changes are critical in data centres to emulate the cyclical life of nature.
52mil users affected by Google+’s second data breach
Google+ APIs will be shut down within the next 90 days, and the consumer platform will be disabled in April 2019 instead of August 2019 as originally planned.
Ramping up security with next-gen firewalls
The classic firewall lacked the ability to distinguish between different kinds of web traffic.